Metropolitan's old quarter, "Spanish Hollywood"

Metropolitan’s old quarter, “Spanish Hollywood”

this OtamendiThe two engineers and two architects were great visionaries of where the progress and development of Madrid would go, supporters of the creation of Madrid. Madrid MetroThe urbanization of the streets of Reina Victoria and Cuatro Caminos is as emblematic as the few modern buildings on Gran Vía or the Post Office building next to the famous Antonio Palacios. Amongst their projects, they decided to parcel out and develop a family estate, which was then on the outskirts of Madrid, now at the end of Calle de Reina Victoria. At the end of ten years 20’s Hotels with gardens (detached houses) began to be built there. They would create a colony that would allow them to enjoy the fresh air of the mountains and the water supply of Lozoya, two elements so appreciated by the people of Madrid, still grappling with endemic diseases. tuberculosis or angerand they would have the added incentive of being exempt from paying the tax contribution we know today as IBI for twenty years.

Gradually, the neighborhood lands were filled with houses belonging to families of certain social standing, among them businessmen such as the owner of the Welsh soap factory or the holder of the Ceregumil patent; senior government officials such as diplomats, notaries, stock market and stockbrokers; like liberal professionals doctors anyone lawyers; professors university world and characters art world such as actresses, theater directors, film director, sculptor or bullfighter.

Otamendi brothers

The neighborhood’s current reputation comes from living in the Vicente Aleixandre neighborhood. Nobel Prize in Literature In 1977 (in addition to the Royal Spanish Academy and the National Prize for Literature in 1934, and the Critics’ Award in 1963 and 1969). A subway stop honors his memory.

While Aleixandre is the most famous character to live in the Metropolitan neighborhood, before the Civil War theater impresario Gregorio Martínez Sierra and stage actress and first Spanish diva, Catalina Bárcena, are the first Spanish diva to cross the pond to shoot seven movies in Hollywood. year 30′.

The great personalities of the time passed through its streets; artists, notaries, doctors, diplomats and even royalty

A few meters from her house, Aurora Mañanós Jauffret «La Goya» owned her house with her husband and theater critic Tomás Borrás. La Goya launched the cuplé as a genre of theatrical perfection, interpreting well-known songs such as “Come and come…”, “Tápame” or “Balance”. Besides being a theatrical businesswoman, she was an entrepreneur who amassed a huge fortune, marketing products under her brand such as fans, perfumes, liquors, coffee and even automobiles.

A few tricks from the previous one, Carmen Ruiz de Moragas was an extremely talented theater actress who owned her small hotel, but was better known to the public as the king’s lover. Alfonso XIII with whom he had two children. He died very young, shortly before the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War.

Carmen Ruiz de Moragas

Continuing with the art world, writer and director Edgar Neville and actor lived here. Conchita Montes. A highly intelligent and educated woman, La Montes wanted to be a diplomat, interrupting a craving during the Franco regime by denying women access to the Diplomatic Career. Conchita was also the author of a weekly entertainment published in the newspaper La Codorniz. Married to Edgar Neville, she became an actress. This couple also traveled and resided. Hollywood It’s from the ’30s when they were dealing with actors like Chaplin or Douglas Fairbanks.

Conchita Montes

The Asturian sculptor lived in the place already known to Spanish Hollywood. Sebastian Miranda. An artist whose residence was designed by the famous architect Secondary Zuazo, the house in the neighborhood that we can still admire. The fame of the sculptor is given by the fact that, in addition to his artistic career, he is part of the circle of Madrid intellectuals and artists, collaborates with the ABC newspaper, participates in television programs and participates in various cultural events.

A few meters away and crossing a street, there is another house of the bullfighter designed by Secundino Zuazo. Market Ortega. A wonderful friend of Miranda, they coincided in literary and bullfighting meetings. In addition to his art as a matador, Maestro Ortega developed an intellectual side that led him to write and lecture on the classical art of bullfighting at the Ateneo and bullfighting cultural associations.

Beginning of the Civil War

But the list of celebrities is not the only source of interest in this field. Bloody battles took place here during the Spanish Civil War. The National Army took the Clinical Hospital building at the beginning of the war, which caused bloody conflicts. The Republican side evacuated the colony, occupied its streets, and fought in its trenches throughout the three-year war. April 1939. Famous anarchist trade unionist Buenaventura Durruti accidentally died on Viña Street, one of the streets in the neighborhood, while visiting his men who were fighting in the area.

Warriors during the Civil War

From end of civil warThe neighborhood housed the homes of two German spies, Johannes Berndhart and Walter Mosig, both directors of SOFINDUS (Industrial Finance Company). 3rd Reich.

Metropolitan Stadium

The neighborhood got its name from the neighborhood. Metropolitan Stadium located in the streets. This stadium was built here in the image of Wembley in London. Benefiting from a natural geographical accident in the form of an amphitheater, this magnificent venue hosted different sporting events before becoming just a sports ground. Atlético Madrida remaining state until 1966when the club moved to the Manzanares stadium.

Metropolitan Stadium

But apart from the glamorous space and social relevance, the neighborhood is also many families They led an anonymous life, like the owners of the then-best Medel toy store located on Gran Vía 5, or Franco’s tailor, who, when rubbed a little, turned the warriors of Caudillo’s military uniforms inside out.

Today there are almost no memories of that past. station metropolitan metro It changed its name due to the opening of the new Atlético de Madrid stadium. recently called Vicente Aleixandre.

#Metropolitans #quarter #Spanish #Hollywood

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